What is the prefix for happiness


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Half prefix (German) [edit]

Noun, n[To edit]

Word separation:

Half prefix, plural: half prefixe


IPA: [ˈhalpˌpʁɛːfɪks]
Audio samples: Semi-prefix (Info)


[1] Linguistics:grammatical morpheme that resembles a lexeme in shape but does not have the meaning of that lexeme. It is used like a prefix for derivation.


Determinative compound half and prefix


[1] prefixoid

Opposite words:

[1] Half-suffix, suffixoid

Generic terms:

[1] Affixoid, word formation


[1] In the lexeme "Riesenfest", "Riesen-" is a Semi-prefix; it looks like the noun "giant" (tall person, legendary figure), but does not have this meaning. Instead, it means here "very successful, very big (festival)".
[1] "We will encounter a corresponding phenomenon with the prefixes, which is reflected in the term prefixoid (Semi-prefix) is expressed. "[1]
[1] "That is why FLEISCHER advocates the introduction of a transitional class, for which he uses the term 'half suffix' or Semi-prefix or suggests 'relative suffix' or 'relative prefix' (...). "[2]
[1] "The term Semi-prefix corresponds to the term prefixoid, which is used here. "[3]
[1] “In research, these are word formation tools Half prefixes and called half-suffixes or prefixoids and suffixoids (...). "[4]

Translations [edit]

References and further information:

[1] Hadumod Bußmann: Lexicon of Linguistics. 3rd, updated and expanded edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2002. Keyword: “half prefix”. ISBN 3-520-45203-0.
[1] Helmut Glück (ed.), With the assistance of Friederike Schmöe: Metzler Lexicon Language. Third, revised edition, keyword: "half prefix". Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2005. ISBN 978-3-476-02056-7.


  1. Rosemarie Lühr: New High German. Fink, Munich 1986, page 174. ISBN 3-7705-2287-7.
  2. Wolfram Wilss: Word formation tendencies in contemporary German. Narr, Tübingen 1986, page 28. ISBN 3-87808-344-0.
  3. Franz Simmler: German morphology. Inflectional and word formation morphology. Weidler, Berlin 1998, page 486. ISBN 3-89693-304-3
  4. Peter Braun: Trends in contemporary German. Language varieties. 4th edition. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Berlin / Cologne 1998, page 175. ISBN 3-17-015415-X. Printed in italics: Half prefixes and half suffixes or prefixoids and suffixoids.