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Bachelor and Master: What you always wanted to know!

Bachelor and master courses are only around 20 years old. It was born around the turn of the millennium in Bologna when it was decided to standardize degrees in Europe.

What are Bachelor and Master programs?

Bachelor's and master’s degree courses graduate the academic training compared to the old diploma and master’s degrees. With a Bachelor's degree, after 6-8 semesters, students achieve a degree that enables access to the job market. Only those who want to expand their specialist knowledge can attach a master’s degree. This structuring is supposed to

  • shortens study times,
  • improve professional qualifications and
  • promote student mobility.

By awarding credit points for course achievements, courses that have been attended at another university can be recognized more easily (also abroad).

Have all courses really been converted?

Yes, the implementation has been carried out almost across the board. At the moment, however, there is still discussion about which regulations may be considered for completing the state examination (e.g. in law, medicine, law). The state examination courses are not within the sphere of influence of the universities. Teacher training courses have already been restructured in many federal states.

What is meant by dividing the timetables into modules?

Content-related courses are summarized in thematic modules. The idea behind this division is a more streamlined organization of the timetables. Courses should extend over a maximum of two semesters and ideally be open to several disciplines (in business administration this would be a module marketing, for example). In addition, the universities must define the qualification goals of the individual areas, which helps the students to plan their studies.

What is a Diploma Supplement?

The Diploma Supplement can be described as supplementary information to the certificate. It explains admission requirements, specifies key areas of study and provides information on completed internships. It also describes the type and duration of the thesis. This makes course achievements more transparent and each course has its own profile - despite having the same title.

Can it happen to me that if I have a "bad" bachelor's degree, I won't be admitted to a master's degree?

Yes it can happen. Master’s courses are intended as a further qualification for academically gifted people. Since a new application usually has to be made, a poor bachelor's degree can mean the premature end of a university career. However, the universities determine the access modalities for their master’s courses themselves. In the event that a certain profession, such as B. Teacher, can only be exercised through the advanced degree, there are often special regulations. If anything is unclear, the student advisory service at the respective university will be best informed.
How do I find the right master's degree?

Can I take a master’s degree at the university with a bachelor’s degree from the FH?

Theoretically, this combination is possible and it also works regularly in practice. Nevertheless, it is also true here that the universities themselves regulate the selection of students. A first professional university degree is the basic requirement for a master’s degree. What other requirements the respective university has of its applicants depends on the profile of the university.

I've seen that many Masters have very high tuition fees? Why?

If it is a continuing education master’s degree, the university can - in contrast to a consecutive master’s degree - levy fees to cover the costs. A master’s degree is primarily aimed at professionals who want to supplement their knowledge.

How many Bachelor / Master degree programs are there already?

Over 90 percent of the courses on offer at German universities now lead to a Bachelor's or Master's degree. The discussion about the law, the medical and the teaching state examination courses is still ongoing.

List of Bachelor courses>

List of Master’s degree programs>

Will the labor market accept the new degrees?

This question is irrelevant, since the developments in the university landscape can no longer be reversed, the economy has no choice but to accept the new degrees. Mostly Bachelor and Master graduates apply for newly advertised positions.

Why was the introduction so hotly debated?

A purely formal renaming was not enough for the reform. Critics feared that many universities do not focus on optimizing the content, which is the most important part of the educational reform. Simply shortening courses and giving them new degrees was not what the "inventor" wanted.

What does accreditation mean?

In order to guarantee quality assurance in view of the restructuring and the introduction of new courses, the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs, together with the University Rectors' Conference, decided to award the newly established courses with a seal of approval. External agencies that perform a similar function to the TÜV in the assessment of cars were commissioned with this work. The study programs are examined with regard to their content and professional qualification.

Important accreditation agencies are:

AQAS - For courses in all disciplines
AQUIN - For courses in all disciplines
ZEvA - For courses in all disciplines
FIBAA - Economics courses
ASIIN - For courses in engineering and computer science
AHPGS - For courses in health and social professions

Do I have access to the higher service if I have a master’s degree from a university of applied sciences?

Yes, that is possible. If entry into a higher career in the public service is planned, then the University of Applied Sciences will point this out.