Who are the daughters of Poseidon

Poseidon - god of the sea

Poseidon is the god of the sea and next to Hades one of the brothers of the god father Zeus. He is one of the twelve Olympic deities and his trademark is the imposing trident.

Birth and childhood

The sea was not Poseidon's realm from the start. In fact, he ousted two older gods. Even before him there were two sea gods, Neureus and Okeanos. Poseidon was the son of the titan couple Kronos and Rhea. Like his other siblings, Poseidon was devoured by his father Kronos immediately after birth (see also: Origin of Greek Gods). According to a prophecy, one of the children of Kronos would overthrow him. Of course, he did not want to give up his power and tried to evade fate. But after Zeus could not be eaten by Kronos through a ruse by Rhea, Zeus freed his brothers and sister from the belly of Kronos after he had grown up. This was followed by the fight against the Titans (Titanomachy), who were able to win the new gods with the support of the Hekatoncheirs and the Cyclops. The gods also received weapons from the latter, such as Zeus his lightning bolt, Hades the Hadeshelm and Poseidon the trident known today. Only with the support and their new weapons did the gods have the decisive advantage in battle. When the world was subsequently divided into three parts, Zeus received the sky, Hades the underworld and Poseidon the sea.

Marriage and love

Poseidon was married to the Oceanid or Nereid (a nymph of the sea) Amphitrite. She is considered the ruler of the seas and was known for her beauty. With Amphitrite, Poseidon had the son Triton, the horse Areion and the daughters Rhode and Benthesikyme. The horse is sacred to Poseidon not only because of Areion, which is why one of his nicknames is Hippios.

Like his brother Zeus, Poseidon had many loves. Often his lovers were sea nymphs (Nereids, Oceanids), from which other children such as the giant Orion or the one-eyed man-eating Cyclops Polyphemus emerged. Even with his great-grandmother, Gaia, Poseidon fathered a son. The giant Antaios is said to have had almost invincible strength. Only Heracles could defeat him.

Children of Poseidon

Below you can find the children of Poseidon again in the overview:

partnerchildren
Amphitrite Triton, Areion, Rhode, Benthesikyme
EuryaleOrion
ThoosaPolyphem
KorkyraPhaiax
MedusaPegasus
KleitoAtlas, Gadeiros (Eumelos in Greek), Ampheres, Euaimon, Mneseas, Autochthon, Elasippos, Mestor, Azaes, Diaprepes
GaiaAntaeus
One of the daughters of the Amphictyon Kerkyon
Iphimedeia Otos, Ephialtes

Quarrels with the other gods

Poseidon is often portrayed as a very capricious god. So it is not surprising that he also had one or the other quarrel with the other gods.

Once he is said to have even tried to overthrow Zeus, the father of the gods, together with Hera and Athena. Zeus was caught by a plot and could only be freed from his prison with the help of the nymph Thetis. She brought one of the hundred-armed men (the Hekatoncheiren Briareos - also called Aegaeon) from the underworld to help and thus freed Zeus. Achilles recalls this act in Iliad I.

He also fought with Hera over the city of Argos. Both asked the river gods Phoroneus, Asterion, Kephisos and Inachos to determine one of the two as ruler of the Argolis. When the river gods decided in favor of Hera, furiously, Poseidon quickly dried up the sources of the rivers and flooded the land with sea water.

Poseidon also lost out against Athena. Both fought for patronage over Attica, a landscape in which Athens can be found. Kekrops I, King of Attica, decided that God who gave the best gift in town would win. Poseidon thrust his trident into the rock and made a spring gush (according to other ancient authors, he created a horse). Unfortunately it wasn't fresh water, but sea water. Athene, on the other hand, grew an olive tree and won the competition. This is how the capital of Attica was called Athens. Again, Poseidon was not a good loser and flooded the country. He also condemned Kekrops never to touch land again.

Isthmic games

While the Olympic Games were held in honor of Zeus, the so-called Isthmian Games were held for Poseidon. They are named after the Isthmus of Corinth and have been used since 580 BC. Carried out every two years. They were only a little behind the Olympic Games in terms of reputation.

Sources and References

  • Matthias Vogt, Greek Mythology
  • David Bellingham, The Greeks - Culture and Myths