How can I treat super dry eyes

Dry eyes: these home remedies will help

In heated rooms, the eyes become tired, dry and red more quickly. With a few simple measures and home remedies, the irritation can be relieved and the eyes stay comfortably moist. However, if the symptoms persist, an ophthalmologist should be consulted soon. Because behind dry eyes there can be serious illnesses.

In which cases do home remedies help?

In the case of slight, temporary complaints caused by work at a computer screen, drafts or work in air-conditioned buildings, dry, irritated eyes can be treated with simple home remedies or over-the-counter eye drops and ointments.

If there are additional symptoms such as severe redness, pain, sensitivity to light or excessive tearing, and there is still no improvement on the following day, you should no longer do the doctoring yourself. Because dry eyes have a complex clinical picture. They can indicate allergies, eye infections, or serious eye conditions like glaucoma or sicca syndrome. Consultation with a specialist is therefore essential. Only he can make an accurate diagnosis and recommend a suitable therapy.

Medicinal plants and home remedies: first aid against dry eyes

If illnesses can be ruled out and the eyes are only temporarily irritated, simple home remedies and herbal infusions can alleviate the symptoms. In the case of infectious inflammation of the eyes by viruses and bacteria, however, moist compresses or compresses should not be used. Otherwise there is a risk of the infection spreading. The following applications have proven themselves:

  • Eye showers with chamomile: Cold chamomile tea is dripped into the eyes with a pipette several times a day. This has a calming effect on the conjunctiva, constricts the blood vessels in the eye and makes the redness disappear. But be careful: Chamomile must not be used in conjunctivitis. When pulled, the medicinal plant releases tiny hairs into the water, which can additionally irritate and worsen the symptoms.
  • Compresses made from black tea: Black tea has a calming and decongestant effect. Place two tea bags made from a cooled tea brew on the eyes for about ten minutes. Due to the decongestant and calming effect of the tannins contained in black tea, the eyes usually relax quickly.
  • Cucumber masks or quark: Cucumber masks have a refreshing effect on burning, tired eyes. There are two ways of using it: Either cucumber slices are placed directly on the eyelids or the juice of a pureed cucumber is dripped onto cotton wool pads and placed on the closed eyes for about 15 minutes. Alternatively, you can also use quark wraps.
  • Potato compresses: Raw potato slices are placed on the closed eyes. Since the tubers contain a lot of water, similar to cucumbers, they are good sources of moisture.
  • Cold envelopes: Put a few ice cubes in a washcloth and use them to cool your eyes. The cold causes the blood vessels to constrict and the redness quickly subsides. The cold provides relief, especially for itchy or swollen eyes.
  • Aloe vera gel: The medicinal plant is known for its anti-inflammatory effects. The gel, which is available in pharmacies or drugstores, is applied directly to the eye and works there for a few minutes. Then rinse it out with water or cold chamomile tea.
  • Witch hazel tincture: Hamamelis (witch hazel) also has a calming and anti-inflammatory effect. Mix a few drops of the tincture with water, soak cotton wool pads with it and place them on the eyelids for several minutes. The tannins have an anti-itch and anti-inflammatory effect.
  • Euphrasia (Eyebright): A tea can be made from the leaves of the plant, which helps with dry, irritated eyes. Euphrasia is also available as eye drops in pharmacies and drug stores.
  • Eye massage: A gentle massage of the eyeballs relaxes tired eyes and promotes blood circulation. The index finger circles around the eye, always from the inside out, along the lower edge of the eyelid and along the eyebrow.

How does dry eyes come about? The tear film has an important function to keep the eye moist. It wets the cornea and is redistributed on the surface of the eye with every blink of the eye. This keeps it smooth and supple and small foreign bodies are simply washed away. Germicidal substances in the tear film protect the eye from infections. Oxygen and nutrients also reach the cornea, the transparent part of the surface of the eye, via the tear film. But these tasks can only be performed by an intact tear film. If it is torn or too thin, the eye dries out.

Eye drops and ointments

But not only medicinal herbs and compresses, but also eye drops or ointments bring relief for dry eyes. Most of the products contain moisturizing ingredients such as hyaluronic acid or dexpanthenol. Eye drops with herbal or homeopathic ingredients are also often used for mild complaints. They care for, moisturize and soothe the irritated eye and stimulate tear production. There are special products for those who wear contact lenses, who also frequently suffer from dry eyes.

Eye ointments are especially suitable for use in the evening, as they can impair vision and have a regenerating effect overnight when the eyes are closed. However, when buying drops and ointments, you should make sure that they are free from preservatives. Otherwise the symptoms may get worse.

Preventing dry eyes: the best tips

So that the annoying discomfort does not arise in the first place and the eyes are adequately hydrated, everyone can take a few simple preventive measures. The professional association of ophthalmologists in Germany has published the following advice on this:

  • Get out in the fresh air and ventilate: The air in heated rooms is usually very dry, so the tear film evaporates faster. Humidifiers and regular ventilation can help here. Frequent walks in the fresh air are even better. By the way: the ideal humidity for the eyes is between 40 and 70 percent.
  • Reduce air circulation in the car: Even in the car, the air should not be overheated, as warm air is generally drier. In addition, the air circulation should be set as low as possible and the air flow should not be directed directly at the eyes.
  • Blink frequently: Especially when working on a computer screen, it is important that the eye stays in motion, the blinking frequency does not decrease and the tear film remains intact. It helps to blink consciously every now and then and to give your eyes sufficient breaks. It is better not to rub your eyes frequently.
  • Drink a lot: Drinking enough fluids is also important to keep your eyes moist. It should be at least two liters a day. Better to avoid alcohol and cigarettes.
  • Gently clean the edges of the eyelids: An important part of the tear film is the upper, oily layer. The fatty secretion is produced in the meibomian glands, which are located on the edges of the eyelids. Careful cleaning with warm water and subsequent massage of the edge of the eyelid, for example with a cotton swab, may support the function of these glands.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.