What are the Symptoms of Nerve Cancer

Kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma)

If renal cell carcinoma is present, surgery is often the treatment of choice. If the tumor is detected at an early stage, surgery can possibly be carried out to preserve the organs, i.e. the tumor is removed, but the remaining functional tissue of the affected kidney is retained. Medical professionals refer to this as a partial nephrectomy.


The entire kidney must be removed if there is a large tumor or if it has formed daughter tumors. This procedure is called a tumor nephrectomy medically. Metastases are then mainly treated with medication, and in rare cases surgically removed or irradiated. If they cannot be eliminated, their further growth can be hindered or even stopped with new, targeted drugs. However, these drugs are not free of side effects, for example skin changes, hypothyroidism or diarrhea can be common side effects.


The current therapy options, i.e. mono- or combination treatment, are effective, but the earlier the tumor is discovered, the greater the chances of recovery. If only the kidney is affected, the 5-year chance of survival is over 70%. On the other hand, the individual possible combinations of therapy offer a good chance that those affected, even with an advanced tumor, will be able to live with a good quality of life for many years to come.