Indians get heartburn

Heartburn during pregnancy

Why is heartburn so common during pregnancy?

Heartburn occurs when acidic gastric fluid rises up the esophagus. This reflux, also called reflux (gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD), is possible when the sphincter between the stomach and esophagus no longer works properly.

During pregnancy, the hormone progesterone ensures that smooth muscles relax. The primary aim is to avoid unwanted contractions of the uterine muscles. However, due to progesterone, the smooth muscles in other parts of the body also relax, including the muscle ring between the stomach and esophagus. This fact and the fact that the stomach empties more slowly during pregnancy promote reflux.

In addition, as the pregnancy progresses, the growing uterus pushes upwards against the intestines and stomach, making it easier for the acid to rise. If the baby kicks hard, it can also lead to heartburn.

Pregnancy: how is heartburn expressed?

Pregnant women who suffer from heartburn usually feel bloated with belching after eating. The symptoms increase when lying down, when bending over and under exertion and become more frequent as the pregnancy progresses.

Depending on the extent to which the acidic stomach contents irritate the sensitive esophageal mucous membrane, heartburn is noticeable differently during pregnancy. Overall, the following complaints are possible:

  • Belching of air
  • Backflow of stomach contents into the mouth
  • Pressure in the upper abdomen, feeling of fullness
  • Burning in the stomach area, behind the breastbone, in the throat and pharynx
  • Sore throat
  • chronic cough
  • Hoarseness, thick voice
  • difficulties swallowing
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • sleep disorders

Heartburn During Pregnancy: General Tips

Even simple measures help to prevent or at least limit the backflow of gastric fluid:

  • wear comfortable and loose clothing that does not constrict the stomach (no belts)
  • do not lie down immediately after eating
  • Don't eat anything about two hours before going to bed
  • sleep with the upper body slightly elevated
  • ensure regular exercise and fresh air
  • do not smoke

Am i pregnant

  • Tell tale signs

    The body adapts to the child even in early pregnancy. This is noticeable physically and mentally - the most common tell-tale signs of becoming a mommy.
  • Troublesome need to urinate

    Many pregnant women have to urinate more often than usual. The constant urge to urinate does not only start when the child presses on the bladder, but can be felt in early pregnancy. The reason for this is the increased blood flow to the abdomen, which stimulates the kidneys and thus more urine is produced. The pregnancy hormone progesterone also has a relaxing effect on the bladder muscles, which also increases the urge to urinate.
  • Fatigue and dizziness

    Many pregnant women feel weak and tired at the beginning of their pregnancy. No wonder: the body is doing the hardest work in the dark. Among other things, the placenta is built up to take care of the child. In addition, the body needs a lot more blood, which has to be produced - a process that uses up further reserves of strength. The result: blood pressure plummets, which can cause dizziness. After a few weeks, the body has adjusted to the new situation.
  • Food cravings

    Cravings for sweets or a generally larger appetite can also indicate pregnancy. In this way, the body ensures that mother and child have enough energy available for the exhausting weeks and months.
  • Sensitive breasts

    Shortly after the egg cell is implanted, the breast begins to prepare for breastfeeding. It gets bigger, stronger and more sensitive. The nipples also often change size, shape and color. These changes can manifest themselves as feelings of tension and pulling.
  • Fine nose

    The senses of smell and taste are particularly pronounced during pregnancy. Many women are suddenly disgusted by aromas that they otherwise valued. The smell of raw meat, coffee, alcohol or cheese is suddenly found to be repulsive. The hypersensitive nose is nature's ingenious trick. It is designed to prevent pregnant women from consuming unhealthy or perishable foods that could harm the child.
  • nausea

    The notorious morning sickness often affects expectant mothers shortly after conception. The reason for this is the pregnancy hormone HCG, to which some women are very sensitive. The sudden nausea can also appear at other times of the day. Symptoms often get worse between the sixth and twelfth weeks. As annoying as the nausea is, future mothers don't have to worry. However, women who vomit frequently should see a doctor.
  • Sensitive mind

    Pregnancy also affects the psyche. Emotions go on a rollercoaster ride and many expectant mothers are built closer to the water than usual. The reason for this is the hormonal turbulence, which is also felt emotionally.
  • Drawing in the abdomen

    A pulling in the abdomen does not necessarily indicate the menstrual period - pregnancy can also be noticeable in this way. For one thing, the uterus enlarges. Some women also feel when the fertilized egg lodges in the lining of the uterus.

Heartburn during pregnancy: adjust eating habits

Several smaller meals spread over the day (instead of a few large ones), chewing every bite well and drinking as little as possible with the meal - these measures reduce heartburn. Pregnant women should also know which foods promote gastric acid formation and which ones inhibit it:

What to avoid if you have heartburn during pregnancy

Some foods increase acid build-up and thus heartburn. During pregnancy, affected women should therefore limit the consumption of foods and drinks that produce or contain acid:

  • Citrus fruits
  • legumes
  • Onions
  • fatty and spicy food
  • Sweets (like chocolate, candy)
  • Coffee, black tea
  • carbonated drinks
  • vinegar

Cheap food for heartburn during pregnancy

Certain foods bind stomach acid and soothe heartburn during pregnancy. If you have symptoms, you should therefore use more foods such as:

  • zwieback
  • White bread
  • oatmeal
  • Milk, condensed milk
  • Almonds, hazelnuts
  • green vegetables

Heartburn medication during pregnancy

If none of the measures mentioned so far help, heartburn can also be treated with medication during pregnancy. However, pregnant women should only take preparations that bind gastric acid. These include certain minerals such as calcium, aluminum and magnesium. With drugs that inhibit acid formation or accelerate gastric emptying, however, caution is advised: Here the doctor should first weigh the benefits and risks of use during pregnancy against each other. Therefore, consult your doctor if you do this Heartburn during pregnancy want to get rid of medication.

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