How do aqueducts transport water
The aqueduct (lat. Aquaeductus "water pipe") is a structure for the transport of water.
In the broader sense, the term is mainly used for water-bearing bridges. They were used to supply water to ancient Roman cities. The Roman aqueducts, of which the aqueducts were only sections spanning valleys and rivers, usually transported water from point A to point B using the free gradient without additional energy. In individual cases, these aqueducts were fifty or more kilometers long.
The aqueducts of the Romans are best known, as they were often built on arched arches and are among the most important structures of antiquity. The lines of the Romans were mostly designed as stone canals, but were occasionally made of wood, lead or leather. As excavations in Pompeii have shown, the pipes leading into the individual houses were usually made of lead. Some aqueducts were multi-story and each had water from a different source.
Since the water had to flow steadily, the aqueducts were built in such a way that they had a steady, gentle gradient. This was measured very carefully by previous architects. According to Vitruvius, the gradient was at least 0.5%.
The beginning of the aqueduct is the source house. The end of the run is the so-called castellum, in which the water was cleaned of stones and coarse dirt and from where it was led into the houses, baths and gardens via pipe systems. Special officials were responsible for regulating the distribution of water, who ensured the protection of the facilities through strict laws.
For the water supply of higher places, such as B. the Acropolis of Aspendos, water towers (pressure towers) were used, which could press the water to considerable heights using gravity.
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