What is the average altitude in Myanmar

In the tourist centers of Yangon, Bagan and Mandalay, malaria prophylaxis is not absolutely necessary. Usual vaccinations (tetanus, hepatitis A for example) are strongly recommended.


Myanmar has a population of around 45.6 million, resulting in a population density of 67 people per square kilometer, one of the lowest in Southeast Asia. More than 75 percent of the population lives in rural areas.

Most urban areas are basically larger villages that make a living from agriculture. Life expectancy averages 57 years.


Important cities

The country is divided into Myanmar itself and into the seven states (States) Chin, Kachin, Karen, Kayah, Mon, Arakan and Shan. Myanma in turn consists of seven provinces (divisions): Irawadi, Magwe, Mandalay, Pegu, Rangoon, Sagaing and Tenasserim. Rangoon, now called Yangon, is the capital and at the same time the most important seaport of the country (about 3.3 million inhabitants). Mandalay (about 533,000 inhabitants), located in central Myanmar, is an important trading center. Other important cities are Moulmein (around 220,000 inhabitants) on the Gulf of Martaban and Akyab (around 110,000 inhabitants), an important seaport on the Bay of Bengal. Bagan is known for its ancient temples.

Language & Religion

Most of the language groups in Myanmar are characterized by monosyllabic monosyllabic languages ​​that are structured in a similar way to the languages ​​of Tibet and China (see Sino-Tibetan languages). The official language of Burmese is spoken by around two thirds of the population. The Burmese alphabet is based on Sanskrit and on a form of the alphabet of the Pali language, in which the holy scriptures of Buddhism are transmitted (see Indian languages). About 15 percent of the population speak Shan and Karen, the remainder speak Mon; educated Burmese also speak English. There are also a significant number of Chinese-speaking people in the country. Over 85 percent of all Burmese are Buddhists, most of whom belong to the Theravada school. There are also small Hindu, Muslim and Christian denominations.



All postal, telegraph, telephone, and broadcast systems in Myanmar are state-owned.


The state railway has a total length of about 3,300 kilometers. The railway lines connect all major cities in the country, but have no connections with railways outside of Myanmar. The inland waterways, which in total consist of around 5800 kilometers of navigable rivers and canals, are far more important as transport routes than the road network.

Many large cities are located on the rivers and are also river ports. The main artery of Myanmar is the Irrawaddy; in addition, Chindwin and Saluen are also navigable in sections. The road network covers a length of around 23,400 kilometers; around a sixth of it is attached. Several roads cross the national borders; Particularly noteworthy is the Birma road to China. A national airline provides the national and international flight service.


Myanmar has great hydropower potential. Almost half of the electrical energy required is generated by hydropower plants. The rest of the energy comes from thermal power plants that run on coal or oil.

More information on Burma

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