What is an oxidizer
|Oxidizer is a redirect to this article. For the meaning of this term in the aquarium hobby, see Oxidator (aquarium hobby).|
A Oxidizing agent (also Oxidant or Oxidizer) is a substance that can oxidize other substances and is itself reduced in the process. Oxidizing agents can accept electrons while the reducing agents release them. That is why oxidizing agents are also known as electron acceptors.
Change of term
In the narrower, historical sense, an oxidizing agent is - in addition to oxygen itself - first of all a substance that Release oxygen can (but then it is better to speak of oxygen carriers). In view of the fact that oxygen itself - as well as fluorine, chlorine, etc. - the Electrons of the oxidized (fuel) substance records, then became the current definition as Electron acceptor created.
Oxygen difluoride and fluorine itself are the most powerful oxidizing agents after krypton difluoride. Further examples are hydrogen peroxide H2O2 and its adducts such as sodium percarbonate, oxygenated anions (Oxo anions) of transition metals in high oxidation states such as permanganate MnO4− (see potassium permanganate) or dichromate Cr2O72− and chromium (VI) oxide (Jones oxidation), metal ions such as Ce4+, Precious metal ions such as those of silver and copper, anions of Halogenated oxygen acids like bromate BrO3− and hypochlorite ClO−, or just elements like oxygen (Latin: Oxygenium, hence the terms "oxidizing agent" etc.), sulfur and the HalogensFluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine.
Oxidation and reduction
Oxidizing agents react with reducing agents in a redox reaction, which is also the basis for the dimensional analytical method of redox titration, for example. Oxidizing agents oxidize substances and become themselves in the process reduced.
Oxidizing agents as bleaching and disinfecting agents
as well as
are (or were) the following oxidizing agents of everyday importance:
Chlorine-based methods are more efficient and cheaper than oxygen-based, but on the other hand they are more questionable from an environmental point of view and tend to have an unpleasant smell. However, ozone has a similar effect on people as chlorine - irritating to toxic.
→ Category: Oxidising substance
- Which is the best soldering station
- Why is homeschooling illegal in North Korea
- Is creativity activated or learned
- How does Nvidia Cloud Gaming work
- Why don't we use solar energy anymore
- Which companies have the best press sites
- What are the methods of neutral grounding
- What does YG Entertainment focus on
- What is quasi contract
- Which organic compound contains enzymes?
- What are recommendations for cheap backpack equipment
- Is there too much tolerance in Sweden?
- How is Yenepoya Medical College in Karnataka
- How can I outperform Kakarot
- How should I end a presentation
- How do flower remedies work
- Move furniture
- How does friendship grow?
- In terms of satisfaction, nonhuman beings have souls
- What bigots cannot understand
- What are the bestselling albums of 2019
- How do I improve the smartphone keyboard
- Why is Batman not a yellow lantern
- Which jobs would an entomology especially support?