There is racial discrimination in India

The European Parliament,

- having regard to its previous resolutions, in particular the resolution of 1 February 2007 on the human rights situation of the Dalits in India (1) and the resolutions on the annual reports on human rights in the world, in particular that of 18 April 2012 (2) ,

- having regard to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,

- having regard to the International Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, ratified by India, and its General Recommendation No. 24,

- having regard to the government proposal on the prohibition of the employment of manual latrine cleaners and their rehabilitation introduced by Mukul Wasnik, Minister for Social Justice and Equality, on September 3, 2012 in the Indian Parliament,

- having regard to the Declaration of 19 October 2009 by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navanethem Pillay, and her appeal to United Nations Member States for the United Nations Draft Principles and Guidelines for the Effective Elimination of Discrimination on the Basis of Approve of work and parentage,

- having regard to the recommendations of the special procedures and the treaty bodies of the United Nations and the recommendations of the two general periodic reviews on India of April 10, 2008 and May 24, 2012,

- having regard to the recommendations of 9 July 2012 issued by the United Nations Working Group on the General Periodic Review on India,

- having regard to the deep concern expressed by the United Nations Special Representative on Human Rights Defenders on February 6, 2012 with regard to the situation of the Dalit rights activists in India,

- having regard to the "Maila Mukti Yatra", the nationwide march of thousands of people for the abolition of manual latrine cleaning, which led through 18 Indian states from November 30, 2011 to January 31, 2012,

- having regard to the thematic dialogue on human rights between the EU and India,

- based on Articles 2 and 3 (5) of the Treaty on European Union,

- based on Rule 122 (5) and Article 110 (4) of its Rules of Procedure,

A. whereas India has made tremendous progress in the economic field and now plays an important role in world politics as a member of the BRICS countries; whereas caste discrimination remains widespread, however;

B. whereas India's Constitution guarantees equality for its citizens and whereas caste and untouchability discrimination are prohibited under Articles 15 and 17; whereas Dalits hold the highest political positions; whereas India has laws and regulations to protect registered castes and registered tribes, such as the Civil Rights Protection Act of 1976 and the Registered Caste and Registered Tribes (Atrocity Prevention Act) 1989; whereas Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has repeatedly made it clear that combating violence against Dalits is a priority;

C. whereas, despite these efforts, an estimated 170 million Dalits and indigenous Adivasi in India still suffer from serious forms of social exclusion; whereas the International Labor Organization estimates that the overwhelming majority of debt bondage victims in India come from registered castes and registered tribes;

D. whereas manual latrine cleaning, although prohibited by law, remains widespread and hundreds of thousands of Dalits - almost exclusively women - do this type of forced labor, with the Indian Railway Company being the single largest employer in manual latrine cleaning;

E. whereas Dalit and Adivasi women are the poorest of the poor in India and are subject to multiple discrimination based on their caste and gender, and whereas their physical integrity is often seriously injured, including sexual assault by unpunished members of the dominant castes, that they are socially marginalized and economically exploited, and that their literacy rate is only 24%;

F. whereas it is estimated that the vast majority of crimes committed against Dalit women go unreported out of fear of social ostracism and fear for their own safety; whereas in one case in Haryana state, a 16-year-old Dalit girl was gang rape in the village of Dabra, Hisar district on 9 September 2012; whereas the girl's father committed suicide after learning of the crime and the police only opened the investigation after mass protests broke out;

G. whereas on November 20, 2012 in Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu state, a mob of around 1,000 people from higher castes looted and burned at least 268 houses in Dalit communities without intervention by the local police;

H. whereas the 2005 Law on the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence has not been effectively implemented, and the bias against women among the police, judiciary, medical profession and political class has not applied the law becomes;

I. whereas the detection rate for violations of the Registered Caste and Registered Tribes Act (Law for the Prevention of Atrocities) is still very low, so there is no deterrent to crime;

J. whereas, according to various local and international sources, between 100,000 and 200,000 girls - mostly Dalits - are bonded in spinning mills in Tamil Nadu state that supply yarn to factories producing clothing for Western brands;

1. Acknowledges the efforts being made in India at the federal, state, regional and local levels to end caste discrimination; also welcomes the clear positioning of many Indian politicians, Indian media, NGOs and other public opinion formers at all levels of society;

2. Remains concerned, however, at the continued high number of atrocities reported or kept in the dark and widespread practices related to untouchability, in particular manual latrine cleaning;

3.Calls on the federal, state, regional and local authorities of India to fulfill their commitments and to enforce or, if necessary, amend the applicable laws, in particular the Law on Registered Caste and Registered Tribes (Law to Prevent Atrocities), to effectively protect the Dalits and other vulnerable groups in society;

4. Emphasizes in particular that victims must be empowered to safely record their cases with the police and judicial authorities and that the police and judiciary must seriously pursue reported atrocities and other cases of discrimination;

5. Calls on the Indian Parliament to implement its plans to pass a new law banning the employment of manual latrine cleaners and ensuring their rehabilitation, and calls on the Indian government to take the necessary measures to ensure that this law is enforced immediately;

6. Calls on Indian authorities to remove those provisions from the Foreign Contribution (Regulations) Act that do not conform to international standards and potentially the work of non-governmental organizations - including Dalit and others Undermine organizations representing disadvantaged groups in Indian society - by preventing them from receiving funding from international donors;

7. Calls on the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the European Union Special Representative for Human Rights and the Member States to develop an EU strategy on caste discrimination and the Endorse the United Nations Draft Principles and Guidelines for the Effective Elimination of Discrimination Based on Work and Descent in the United Nations Human Rights Council;

8. Welcomes the adoption of the Child & Adolescent Labor (Prohibition) Act by the Indian Union Government in September 2012, which prevents the employment of children under 14 years of age in all industries and under 18 years of age in Hazardous industries are banned; Calls on the Indian government to take effective implementation measures to rapidly reduce the number of working children, which is still among the highest in the world, and to legislate a total ban on child labor in line with International Labor Organization guidelines;

9. Calls on the EU and Member State Representations in India to include the issue of caste discrimination in their dialogue with the Indian authorities and to include programs against caste discrimination, including in the field of education, and programs specifically targeting women and men Girls are geared to give priority; expects future EU cooperation with India to be assessed according to how it would affect caste discrimination;

10. Instructs its President to present this resolution to the Prime Minister of India, the Minister of Justice and Justice of India, the Minister of the Interior, the Minister of Social Justice and Equality of India, the Council, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy , the Commission, the European Union Special Representative for Human Rights, the governments and parliaments of the EU Member States, the Secretary-General of the Commonwealth, the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the President of the General Assembly of the United Nations.