Have you ever had a colonoscopy

Colon Cancer: Study - These two factors significantly lower your risk

Unilateral diet, smoking,Sedentary lifestyle or hereditary predisposition: There are many factors that promote colon cancer.Whether some of them are to be weighted more heavily than others, hBut researchers at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) are now investigating.

Risk factors considered in their entirety

Individual risk factors such as hereditary predisposition, smoking, obesity, diet and lack of exercise have already been well examined in previous studies, but mostly not in relation to one another, says Michael Hoffmeister from the DKFZ, who headed the current study.

"The aim of our study was to analyze all of the risk factors together," says Hoffmeister. The aim was to find out how high the genetic risk is compared to factors such as lifestyle and cancer prevention and what role the colonoscopy plays in this.

Long-term study with data from 7,500 patients

The researchers analyzed the data from 4,200 people with colon cancer and 3,300 control persons. On this basis, they calculated the risk of developing colon cancer within 30 years from the age of 50.

For this purpose, the subjects were divided into three groups with high, medium or low risk based on genetic risk and lifestyle factors. The analysis also took into account whether a colonoscopy had ever been performed.

Diet and colonoscopy weigh the heaviest

The results of the study showed that for men with a high genetic risk and an unhealthy lifestyle who had not had a colonoscopy, the 30-year risk of colon cancer was 13.4 percent.

For comparison: for men with a similar genetic background who lived healthy, the risk was only 7.6 percent. And those who followed a healthy lifestyle and also had a colonoscopy were able to reduce their risk to 2.6 percent.

This effect was also observed in women, albeit a little less pronounced.

The researchers conclude from the results that diet and colonoscopy are the most effective measures to significantly reduce the individual risk of developing colon cancer.

Colon cancer: early detection improves the chances of recovery

Colon cancer is the third most common cancer among men in Germany and the second most common cancer among women. the chances of recovery depend to a large extent on whether the tumor is detected early.

A colonoscopy is one of the precautionary measures. But a stool test for invisible blood is also part of the statutory early detection program in Germany.

Colon cancer screening from what age?

In Germany, everyone over the age of 50 is entitled to regular examinations for the early detection of colon cancer and a stool test. They are part of the statutory screening program.

In addition, the health insurance companies recommend that men over the age of 50 have a colonoscopy every ten years. However, women only from the age of 55. The costs are covered by both statutory and private health insurances.

However, if you have a close relative who developed colon cancer early on, you should have a colonoscopy earlier - from the age of 45 at the latest. The statutory health insurance companies usually cover the costs of intensified colon cancer screening for patients with an increased risk of colon cancer. This means that the more frequent examinations by specialists are also paid for, although this goes beyond the statutory early detection of colon cancer.

A colonoscopy not only detects cancer, but also its precursors. These can be removed directly during the examination, which significantly reduces the risk of cancer.

Important NOTE: The information is in no way a substitute for professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of t-online cannot and must not be used to independently make diagnoses or start treatments.

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  • Subjects:
  • Health,
  • Diseases,
  • Symptoms,
  • Colonoscopy,
  • Study,
  • Nutrition,
  • Sedentary lifestyle,
  • Colon cancer,
  • Cancer risk,
  • Tumor,
  • Cancer,
  • Health insurance,
  • Colon cancer screening,
  • Colon cancer screening