Why is President Eisenhower so underestimated these days
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Status: 06/30/2014 | archive
|Johnson, Lyndon B. |
|Lyndon B. Johnson was an American politician who belonged to the Democratic Party. He represented the state of Texas in the House of Representatives for six years and in the Senate for twelve years before becoming Vice President under John F. Kennedy in 1961. After his assassination, he was sworn in as the new president on board Air Force One that same day. In 1964, Johnson clearly won the election for president, but four years later he did not stand for another candidacy. Johnson's performance in his reign is often underestimated these days. He is considered the most social democratic among the American presidents, his main focus was on the fight against poverty ("war on poverty"). He was also the first President of the United States to appoint a black man to his cabinet.|
|King, Martin Luther Jr. |
|Martin Luther King was a Baptist preacher who campaigned early on in the struggle of African Americans for their rights as US citizens. He was able to celebrate his first successes in Montgomery (Alabama) when the racial segregation in buses was lifted. In the spirit of his role model Mahatma Gandhi, King avoided violence in his approach and relied on passive resistance and civil disobedience. From the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s, he was the best-known representative of the American civil rights movement. His speech "I have a dream", which he gave during the March on Washington in 1963, became world famous. After the Civil Rights Act was passed, he was the first black man to be honored with the Nobel Peace Prize. Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, when he was only 39 years old.|
|Parks, pink |
|Rosa Parks worked as a seamstress in Montgomery, Alabama, and was a secretary for the NAACP. On December 1, 1955, she refused to vacate her seat on a bus for a white man. She was then arrested for disturbing the public calm and sentenced to a fine. In response to the condemnation, the then largely unknown Baptist preacher Martin Luther King organized the so-called Montgomery Bus Boycott, which forced the authorities to lift the racial segregation on buses and trains. These events are considered to be the beginning of the black civil rights movement, of which Rosa Parks is one of the icons. The bus is now on display at the Henry Ford Museum near Detroit.|
|"I have a dream"||(I have a dream) is the title of a speech given by Martin Luther King in front of the Lincoln Memorial during the March 28, 1963 on Washington. In consultation with his closest advisor, King actually did not want to use the words "I have a dream" as he had done so in many other speeches. It was only during the speech that the nearby singer Mahalia Jackson asked him to tell people about his dream. King then broke away from his manuscript and improvised the part with the formula "I have a dream" and the end of the speech. Only now did the spark jump over to the audience. As the event was televised around the world, King’s speech gained tremendous popularity and symbolism and is now one of the masterpieces of rhetoric.|
|Little Rock Nine||Little Rock Nine is the name given to nine students of African American descent who attended Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, three years after the desegregation of schools. The governor of the state of Arkansas and angry whites tried to deny the approximately 16-year-old students, six girls and three boys, entry to the school. It was not until President Eisenhower sent soldiers to Little Rock that the students' participation in the class could be ensured. One of the Little Rock Nines, Terrence Roberts, attended the swearing-in ceremony of Barack Obama, the first black American president, in Washington D.C. part. The Little Rock Nine are honored today by a memorial on the floor of the Arkansas State Capitol.|
|March on Washington||The March on Washington for Work and Freedom was a protest held on August 28, 1963 in the US capital. Over 250,000 people from all over the country demonstrated against racial discrimination in the United States. Here Martin Luther King gave his world-famous speech "I have a dream". In addition to the speakers, various artists also appeared, such as Mahalia Jackson, Bob Dylan and Joan Baez, who made the song "We shall overcome" the anthem of the civil rights movement. The march on Washington sparked a great media coverage through worldwide broadcasting on television.|
|NAACP||NAACP stands for "National Association for the Advancement of Colored People". It was founded in 1909 and emerged from the Niagara Movement, which had been founded four years earlier, with the aim of ending racial discrimination (segregation) in the United States. The NAACP organized, among other things, the "March on Washington". The organization still exists today.|
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