What exactly does core jobs mean

The core passages of the Luther Bible

The bold verses within the Bible text are so-called core passages and the statements that, from Luther's point of view, are central to understanding the Bible.

Anyone leafing through the Luther Bible will quickly notice one of its special features: the bold verses within the Bible text. These key passages or memorabilia, as they are sometimes called, have a long tradition in the Luther Bible. And they are still an indispensable part of the text today.

The idea of ​​highlighting individual passages goes back to Martin Luther himself. In his translation he first marked individual words and later, more and more, entire sentences and verses with capital letters. The passages marked in this way are statements that, from Luther's point of view, are central to understanding the Bible. In this way, he wanted to provide readers with instructions for reading the Bible. For example, one of the first key passages of the Luther Bible can be found in the story of the transfiguration of Jesus: a voice from the clouds describes Jesus as the Son of God and admonishes the disciples with the words: "You should hear him" (Mark 9: 7; cf. Figure 1 in the picture gallery). The words: "You shall hear him" are - the emphasis should make this clear - not only addressed to the disciples at that time, but also to everyone who reads the Bible today. In addition, the scriptures should be consulted for what they say about Christ. The epilogue to the last edition of the Bible in Luther's lifetime from 1545 states that “from the beginning of the Bible to the end, the most noble proverbs, in which Christ is promised and which are [drawn] in the New Testament, are printed in large letters are so that the reader can find them quickly and easily. "

Over the centuries, the number of core locations has changed significantly. In the various Bible prints and later in the revisions, the question was repeatedly asked which passages played or should play a central role in the respective period. In this way, events in contemporary history have had an impact on the key points, as have developments in the history of theology. For example, there is a certain tendency towards moralization in the core passages: Especially due to pietism, the number of core passages aimed at ethical behavior has increased significantly. The fact that the assessment of certain biblical statements was not undisputed is shown, for example, by the changing treatment of Romans 13: 1 ("Everyone is subject to the authorities who have power over him. For there is no authority except from God; but where authority is, it is ordained by God «). For Luther himself it did not originally have the status of a core position. In the Luther Bible of 1912 this verse was marked as the core passage, in the New Testament of 1975 the core passage was canceled again before it was added to the series of core passages again in 1984.

As part of the revision of the Luther Bible 2017, all key passages have been subjected to another critical review in recent years. Some of the core positions have been canceled. These include some of those who have a strongly moralizing character, such as Jeremiah 7: 3 ("Improve your life and your actions, I will live with you in this place."). In Romans 13: 1, the emphasis has now been removed again. Statements on justification based on faith, which from the Reformation perspective have a special meaning, have now been included as core passages. Romans 10: 9 ("For if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved") should be given as an example. Another example of a newly set core position is the well-known word "swords for plowshares" (Isaiah 2: 4 and Micah 4: 3). The peace movements of the 20th century made these two passages important to many people.

As a result of the 2017 revision, the number of core passages within the Luther Bible has decreased somewhat: from 1122 verses or steepening, which were marked as core passages in the Luther Bible of 1984, to 1082 verses. A good 3% of all Bible verses are still core passages. A complete list of all key passages in the Luther Bible 2017 is available for download at the bottom of this page.

Not only during the revision, but also with the interior design of the Luther Bible 2017, special attention was paid to the core passages. Finding the right font weight for the highlighting was the biggest challenge. On the one hand, the core points should continue to be easy to find, on the other hand, they should not stand out so clearly that the context fades to them and appears unimportant. The key points should invite you to read longer texts in one go, and not just jump from key point to key point. Compared to the Luther Bible from 1984, they are therefore deliberately kept a little more subtle (see Figure 2 in the picture gallery).