What is the point of philosophy degrees
Qualification goals and career prospects
The aim of studying philosophy is - to put it in a nutshell - teaching people how to think independently. Philosophy…
- wants to understand, critically question and develop existing ideas,
- draws its wealth from its long history,
- is in principle open and changes and expands its areas due to its internal dynamics and thanks to the ever new fundamental questions that are brought to it by other disciplines,
- is traditionally divided into theoretical philosophy with the disciplines of ontology and metaphysics, logic, epistemology and philosophy of science, philosophy of language, into practical philosophy with ethics, social, legal and state philosophy, in this dichotomy, disciplines such as aesthetics and Philosophy of religion and finally into the history of philosophy.
This results in the following qualification goals:
- to gain an overview of central areas of philosophy and its history,
- study selected central theories from these areas,
- To learn accuracy in thinking and linguistic expression when analyzing complex problems,
- to understand the interrelationships of philosophical systems based on their own assumptions,
- to be able to deal critically with historical sources and to be able to interpret texts from tradition,
- to know the importance of argumentative clarity and accuracy and the necessity of philosophical terminology, but also the problems with it,
- to be able to transfer the skills acquired on the philosophical subject to non-philosophical areas and non-academic areas.
The aim of the bachelor's degree is to achieve the described philosophical and general educational goals at a good to very good basic and advanced academic level. The philosophical education should be so thorough that it enables a continuation in the master’s course at a higher scientific level; The general skills linked to the philosophical goals (hermeneutic competence, reflection and argumentation competence, philological and historical competence, linguistic competence, transformation competence) should make the bachelor's degree a professional qualification for those who, with the bachelor’s degree, enter a profession or other areas transfer.
Occupational and activity fields:
The Bachelor Philosophy / Values and Norms opens up four perspectives:
- The 2-subject bachelor's degree in philosophy (module path philosophy) is the entry requirement for the specialist master's degree in philosophy. Professional objective: A master's degree in philosophy with the appropriate professional perspectives.
- The 2-subject Bachelor Philosophy (module path values and norms) is the entry requirement for various Master of Education courses: a) grammar schools, b) secondary and secondary schools, c) special schools and d) vocational schools (minor). Professional objective: Teacher specializing in values and norms.
- The Bachelor of Philosophy (both module paths) is the entry requirement for the Master of Education in Philosophy. Professional objective: Teacher at grammar schools specializing in philosophy.
- Degree as a Bachelor.
Only a few clearly defined professional fields are assigned to the subject of philosophy, and only a comparatively small proportion of the graduates of corresponding courses can professionally work philosophically in the narrower sense. The study of philosophy particularly develops key competencies such as the ability to reflect, argue, criticize and creativity, develop a fundamental education in the history of ideas and, last but not least, reinforce the “love of wisdom”. Philosophers are thus the generalists among the humanities scholars.
In addition to the recently more popular activity as a philosophy or values and standards teacher (there is a pre-defined professional field) and in addition to the classic professional field of work at universities (with a known very limited job offer), activities at magazines, publishers, other media, in libraries, bookstores, in adult education (academies, adult education centers), in public administration and associations, in political areas or as a freelance author, frequent work areas for philosophers. More recently, activities in ethics committees, offices for technology assessment, management consultancies or in philosophical practices have been added as interesting and promising professional fields for philosophy graduates. A few examples are listed that illustrate the range of possibilities:
- Human resource management
- Public relations, public relations
- Technical documentation, editing, proofreading, press work
- Marketing & Advertising
- Care of customers and employees, tour guide
- Continuing education, training, training
- Organization and management, branch management
- Board / management assistant
- Ethics and social advice
- Science administration, science management
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