What are the properties of complementary colors

Complementary colors: what is it and what are there?

Complementary colors play a major role in color theory. In this article we explain what a complementary color is and what it is.

What are complementary colors?

Complementary color is a term from color theory. The word "complementary" comes from the Latin word "complementum", which means "complement".

  • Complementary colors are therefore complementary colors.
  • The complementary color, i.e. the complementary color of a color, is directly opposite a color in the color wheel.
  • Complementary colors have the property that they cancel each other out when mixed together. If you mix two complementary colors, you get a neutral gray-black.
  • There is only one complementary color for each color.

These complementary color pairs exist

There are three basic colors: red, yellow and blue. Mixing two of the basic colors always results in the complementary color of the third basic color. So there are three complementary color pairs.

  • The mixture of the other two basic colors is complementary to each basic color.
  • If you mix yellow and blue, you get green - the complementary color to red. Red and green are therefore a complementary color pair.
  • Another complementary pair of colors is blue and orange. You get orange when you mix red and yellow.
  • A mixture of blue and red results in violet - the complementary color to yellow.

You can use complementary colors to set interesting accents, for example when painting your kitchen.