What is your greatest achievement in weightlifting
The Weightlifting is a heavy athletic sport in which a barbell is through Tear or Bump is brought to the high line. In addition to technique, speed, strength, coordination and agility are crucial for success in weightlifting. Although Olympic weightlifting can be classified as a marginal sport, the exercises can be found in many high-performance athletes, for example sprinters and shot putters, because of their speed strength aspects in the training program.
Weightlifting as a sport emerged at the end of the 19th century. From 1880 clubs for heavy athletics emerged in various cities, whereupon the German Athletic Sports Association (DASV) was founded in 1891.
World championships have been held since 1891. Weightlifting has been part of the Olympic Games - intermittently - since 1896.
From 1928 to 1972 a three-way battle of two-armed pushing, tearing and pushing was fought. Weightlifting has been a duel (tear and push) since 1973.
In 2000 in Sydney, women's weightlifting was included in the Olympic program for the first time, and since 1987 there have been world championships for women.
The dumbbell lies horizontally in front of the lifter's legs. It is grasped with the palms down and brought in a single movement from the floor to the elevated position with outstretched and vertical arms, either with a lunge or by bending both legs (crouch). The dumbbell is to be guided upwards along the body in a continuous sequence of movements. During the experiment, no part of the body other than the feet may touch the ground.
The lifted weight must be fixed in the final position with straight legs, feet in the same line and straight arms up to the sign of the referee to remove the weight. Rotate the wrists only after the dumbbell is above the lifter's head height. A lifter can stay in a lunge or crouch as he sees fit. The referee signal to put down the dumbbell has to be given as soon as the body of the lifter is motionless.
The pushing is in the German rules according to the English designation clean and jerk officially referred to as "transfer and push". It consists of two sub-processes, transferring the dumbbell onto the shoulders and pushing the dumbbell over the head, which is the main difference from snatching.
The dumbbell lies horizontally in front of the lifter's feet. It is grasped with the palms down and brought from the floor to the shoulders in a single movement, either with the lunge or the crook technique. The barbell must not touch the chest until the final position; it should rest on the collarbones, chest, or arms fully bent. The lifter can remain in this position as it sees fit. However, the elbows must not touch the thighs while crouching, otherwise the attempt is invalid.
Bend and straighten the legs and arms in order to bring the barbell to the high stretch with fully extended, vertically standing arms (non-stop upward movement), then take the basic position, legs and arms are stretched, wait until the referee gives the signal to remove the barbell. The signal must be given as soon as the lifter is absolutely motionless.
The dumbbell must be at rest before pushing it out, "tapping" invalidates the attempt. Likewise, the expulsion must take place in a single movement up to the straightened arms, "pushing down" also makes the attempt invalid.
National and international individual competitions are currently held as a duel between the two disciplines of snatching and pushing. Both the individual disciplines and the duel, for which the two individual results are added, count. The duel is considered to be more valuable from a sporting point of view than the individual disciplines. The Olympic Games are an exception, here only the duel counts and the individual disciplines are not rated.
After weighing, the athletes must indicate the loads with which they want to enter the competition in the two disciplines. The lifter has three attempts in each of the two sub-exercises.
The competition begins with the snatch, with the lifter starting with the lowest reported weight. Within a minute, he has an attempt to bring the weight to the high distance in accordance with the rules. The attempt is considered to have started as soon as the barbell has passed your knees. The athlete is observed by one or three judges who decide on the validity of the attempt.
If the lifter has successfully mastered the load, the weight is increased for the next attempt. However, if the attempt is given invalid, the lifter has the option of repeating his attempt or increasing it. This can often be more useful for tactical reasons. Due to the fact that the order of the lifters depends on their reported loads, an athlete may be forced to complete two attempts in a row if no one has reported a weight between them. In this case he has two minutes instead of the usual one to make his next attempt. When all lifters have finished tearing, after a short pause the pushing follows, which proceeds according to the same scheme.
In individual championships, such as the World Championships or the Olympic Games, the athletes are divided into weight classes.
The winner is whoever masters the greatest load within a weight class; only the most difficult successful attempt is counted in each discipline. For the duel, the best attempt in each individual discipline will be counted. If all three attempts in a discipline are invalid, the athlete cannot score a duel. If several athletes have lifted the same maximum load, whoever was able to handle the load first wins.
At the Olympic Games, placements are only made for the duel scoring.
Weight classes (since 2019):
|Men||55 kg||61 kg||67 kg||73 kg||81 kg||89 kg||96 kg||102 kg||109 kg||+109 kg|
|Women||45 kg||49 kg||55 kg||59 kg||64 kg||71 kg||76 kg||81 kg||87 kg||+87 kg|
Special regulations apply to the Olympic Games (fewer weight classes).
According to relative points
Since not all weight classes can always be adequately filled in the lower leagues and in smaller competitions, the "relative points evaluation" was introduced to enable the athletes of different weight classes to be compared, as well as between men and women. Furthermore, team competitions are made possible by this rating. For this purpose, each lifter receives a specific "relative deduction", depending on gender and body weight, which is deducted from the individual performance after the competition, after which the points are added.
The relative evaluation is not internationally standardized, the above-described conditions apply to Germany.
A 100 kg male lifter pulls 135 kg and pushes 165 kg. According to the relative deduction table, the corresponding deduction is 97.5. So it reaches (135 kg? 97.5) + (165 kg? 97.5) = 105 relative points.
For example, a 50 kg lifter would have to tear 62 kg and hit 75 kg with her relative deduction of 16.0 in order to achieve the same relative performance of (62 kg? 16.0) + (75 kg? 16.0) = 105 relative points.
© 2021 Bavarian Weightlifting and Strength Sports Association e.V.
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