Christians should stay kosher

What is kosher

by Matthias Kommerell and Jens Bast

Kosher wine - The seal of the rabbinate guarantees the origin of a Jewish producer. This was the only way to be sure in antiquity that wine did not come into contact with the pagan cult.

Anything that is made or prepared according to Halacha (religious law) is called "kosher". These items meet the requirements of Jewish law and are suitable for ritual use. A "kosher person" is a Jew who leads a religious life in every respect. Anything that is not kosher is called "taref". The kashrut regulations state which foods are kosher or which are made.

Clean and unclean animals

Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14, 3-21 list animals, fish and poultry that you are allowed to eat and that you are not allowed to eat. According to this, permitted foods are: "Everything that has split claws among the quadrupeds, namely completely split claws, and ruminates."
"Everything that lives in the water, in the seas and in the brooks and has scales. (..) Only those of all winged, four-footed small animals that have thighs above their feet in order to jump from the earth are allowed to eat . "
For example: beef, sheep, goat, deer, gazelle, roebuck and antelope.

The Torah says about forbidden foods: "You must not touch the carrion; they are unclean for you."
"All small animals that stir on the earth are an abomination; they must not be eaten. Everything that crawls on the stomach and everything that walks on fours to every small animal that has even more feet is allowed you do not eat, for they are an abomination. "
"All small winged animals should be considered unclean to you; they must not be eaten."
Examples: eagle, ostrich, owl, stork, heron, camel, rabbit, pig.
According to Deuteronomy 4:15, foods that are known to be harmful to health are also forbidden, even if they are allowed according to all kashrut rules.

Shaft Shekhitah

'The food commandments educate us to master our lust, they accustom us to curb the growth of our desire, to moderate the pleasure addiction and to overcome the tendency to regard food and drink as the purpose of life ”(Maimonides: Führer der Schwankenden. ID . Chapter 25)

Slaughtering is a slaughtering method by which pure animals remain kosher and can therefore be eaten. These precepts are found in the Talmud and in the Shulchan Aruch.

Cattle and poultry are subject to the rules of ritual slaughter, but fish are not. The intention is to inflict the least amount of pain on the animal and to remove as much blood as possible, since in Tenach the blood is the seat of life. It must be ensured that the blood can leak out quickly in order to counteract clotting. This is the only way to be sure not to enjoy blood while eating meat.

In the case of shafts, the throat is cut with a sharp blade of a certain length without bumps or notches in one quick movement. Animal protection associations are critical of slaughter and demand that the animal be anaesthetized before slaughtering. By doing this, however, the animal would become non-kosher ("taref").

The slaughterer ("Schochet") not only has to have a strong knowledge of the rules of slaughter, but must also be a law-abiding person. He will be put to the test and must be approved by a rabbinical authority.

"Do not cook a kid in its mother's milk" - meaty and milky

Exodus 23:19; Deuteronomy 14:21

A distinction is made between kosher foods:

  • Meaty (bessari)
    kosher meat, meat fat; all products that contain meaty ingredients.
  • Milky (chalawi)
    Kosher animal milk, milk fat; Products that contain milky ingredients.
  • Parwe (setami)
    neutral kosher foods; may be taken with milk and meat products. (Vegetables, eggs, fish, ...).

You have to observe a number of laws that regulate the consumption of meat and milk (small excerpt):

  • In principle, meaty and milky dishes must not be eaten and / or cooked together.
  • Optical separation between vessels and dishes that contain meat or milk.
  • Parwe can be eaten with meat or milk, but never together.
  • A temporal separation between the either milky or meaty meals is strictly specified.
Books on the subject from our partner
If you are interested, just click on the picture!
Joyce Hanover:
Lived faith.
The festivals of the Jewish year
Alfred Burchartz:
Israel's festivals. What Christians Should Know About It
Israel M. Lau:
How Jews live. Faith-everyday-festivals
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