Can a Saraswat brahmin marry a nair


Jāti (Devanagari: जाति) (literally: "born accordingly")

The Jati indicates a birth group. This is also to be understood as an ethnic group, extended family or clan. A person's surname reflects their ethnicity (jati): Gandhi = perfume seller, Dhobi = washer, Srivastava = military writer, etc.

Belonging to the jati of an individual is determined by birth. The Jati serves not only for professional but also for ethnic, socio-economic and cultural segregation; it connects an ethnic group through special, common, moral norms, rituals and traditions. Traditionally, every Jati has a typical (professional) function. Most Jatis fit into a Varna (caste) according to today's professional classification; besides there are also many to whom two varas could be assigned.

Jatis to Varnas

Originally, Jatis systems were similar to that of the guilds, which was associated with ethnicity and profession. Goldsmiths, joiners and barbers were viewed as segregated communities. Jatis with a significant number of members are often divided into so-called subjatis. This division can arise due to the following reasons:

  • Geographical separation: For example purabia (eastern) or pachchaia (western) subjatis
  • Variations in behavioral norms: For example, disagreement over the remarriage of widows has caused some Jatis to split up.

In some cases the union of subjatis has also been recorded. A jati as a whole can change its occupation and thus also its varna. The Jatis can be ranked in different ways:

  1. according to the public reputation of the Jati in a region
  2. For wealth and influence.
  3. Eating behavior: Members of lower jatis only accept water-based food (kachcha) from members of a higher jati.

As a consequence of the third criterion, brahmins were often employed as cooks. The rule was often not applicable when the food was eaten dry or cooked with ghee (pakka).

There are currently at least 2535 Jatis.[1] A jati is defined by the interaction between members of the same. Two of the most common forms of attachment within a jati are:

  1. "Roti" (literally bread): eat together.
  2. "Beti" (literally daughter): marriage with each other.


Pancha-Gauda (living north of the Vindhya Mountains) [edit]

Living in North and Northeast India.

Pancha-Dravida (living south of the Vindhya Mountains) [edit]

Living in Dakshinapatha (including Gujarat).

Kshatriya [edit]

Vaishya [edit]

Sudra [edit]

See also [edit]

References [edit]