What else should I know about abortion?

Sure, most of the time the reasons for an unwanted pregnancy are inadequate contraception. That is why it is the top priority: think about pill, condom and Co. before sex! If, despite all the precautionary measures, something goes wrong, it is anything but helpful to judge yourself! The only thing now is to find a solution. This can consist of having the child, giving it up for adoption, raising it yourself, or simply aborting it.

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Abortion: what is it?

Abortion is another word for termination of pregnancy. The sac with the embryo or the fetus is sucked out of the uterus or the woman or girl is given a drug that causes the uterus to contract and the sac is expelled. If a woman or a girl wants to have an abortion, she must have undergone counseling beforehand; this is required by law. The advice must be confirmed by a recognized advice center. The intervention may be carried out on the 4th day after the day on which the consultation was completed at the earliest. It must be performed by a doctor by the end of the 12th week after conception.

The legal situation regarding abortions

"Is Abortion Legal?""What do I have to consider?""Do my parents need to know about this?" "How are things in Austria and Switzerland?" Answers to these questions can be found here! In Germany, every pregnant woman - regardless of how old she is - can have an abortion. That’s under that in the Criminal CodeParagraph 218 regulated. Abortion is exempt from punishment in Germany as long as certain conditions are met.

Paragraph 218

The section of the German Criminal Code that regulates the termination of pregnancy / abortion. The law is controversial and has therefore been changed many times. Some people believe that abortions should be banned completely, others believe that the law should be abolished and women should decide for themselves whether to have a child or to terminate the pregnancy. Currently, Paragraph 218 states that every woman up to the twelfth week of pregnancy can decide whether she wants to have an abortion. However, the woman must have undergone a consultation beforehand. After the twelfth week of pregnancy, termination may only be carried out in Germany in special cases.

How far is the pregnancy?

A termination may only be made up to12th week of pregnancy unless the mother-to-be's health is endangered by the pregnancy or the child is severely disabled. In this case, it is still possible to cancel after the 12th week.

Duty to advise

Every pregnant woman must seek advice before an abortion and have this advice certified. A doctor may only terminate the procedure if the so-called advice slip is available. Also have tothree days between the appointment and the procedure lie. The purpose of counseling is not to talk the pregnant woman out of the abortion, but to ensure that the decision against pregnancy is well considered and not the result of a short-circuit reaction. In addition, the consultation clarifies who bears the costs for the abortion, which doctor may be considered, etc.
Compulsory advice is free of charge; you can take advantage of the advice centers of the following providers:

* Pro Familia

* Caritas

* Donum Vitae

Do the parents have to find out about the termination or even consent to it?

The decision for or against the baby is primarily yours! Of course, it is always better if your parents know - only then can they support you. And especially in a difficult situation - which is always an imminent demolition - you shouldn't be left alone with your problem.

If youunder 14If you are years old, your parents have to agree to the procedure - that is, nothing works without your parents' knowledge. If you doover 14 but not yet 16 the decision whether your parents need to be informed in advance rests with your gynecologist. If he thinks you are mature enough to make decisions on your own, your parents don't need to know about it.

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Between 16 and 17 The doctor can still insist on the consent of the parents, but this only happens in exceptional cases. In most cases, you can decide on your own from the age of 16 and have the termination carried out without your parents' knowledge.

Who pays the costs?

An abortion costs around 400-600 euros, whereby the costs are usually not covered by the health insurance. But there are also exceptions, for example if you do not have your own income and in some cases family insurance. You can find out whether and when exactly your health insurance company will pay the costs in the mandatory consultation.

Legal situation in Austria and Switzerland

In Austria, too, an abortion is exempt from punishment if it is carried out by a doctor and within the first three months. At a later date, an abortion is legal if there is a high health risk for the pregnant woman.

In Switzerland, abortion is legal (regardless of the canton) and is free of punishment up to the 12th week of pregnancy. However, the pregnant woman must demonstrate in writing that she is in an emergency and have a detailed consultation with her doctor.

How does an abortion work?

In most cases, the abortion is carried out using the suction method, only a tenth of all abortions are carried out using the so-called "abortion pill" Mifegyne.


This procedure takes place under local or general anesthesia. The doctor very carefully expands the cervix and then removes it Using a thin tube and a suction pump, the uterine lining together with the fertilized egg cell. In most cases, the uterus is then scraped off (Kürttage) in order to remove tissue remnants and to minimize the risk of infection. Overall, the procedure is over after a quarter of an hour, and the women can usually go home after a few hours.

Abortion pill

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This form of abortion can be used between the 7th and 12th week of pregnancy. This is one short surgery of around ten minutes, for which no inpatient stay is required. The cervix is ​​stretched with the help of special pins. The embryo and placenta are then removed from the uterus with a blunt scraper and then scraped off.

What is an abortion?

Abortion is the medical name for miscarriage. In medicine, this is also often used to describe an abortion. The difference to an abortion is that the abortion is a - at best self - determined and conscious act. The term abortion, on the other hand, describes an unwanted termination of pregnancy due to complications.

What is a miscarriage?

An unborn child before the 7th month of pregnancy is not viable, which means that the fetus will die if it comes out of the womb before that. When a woman or a girl loses a child through a miscarriage, it is a bad experience. Often they then become afraid that they will never be able to have a baby again, but that doesn't have to be the case these days. The expectant mothers usually only have to take more care of themselves during pregnancy than “normal” pregnant women and go to the gynecologist more often to check whether everything is okay with the baby and mother.

Abortion Risks

A number of complications can result from an abortion. The tissue of the cervix and the uterus is softer than usual during pregnancy and has a particularly strong blood supply. Mucous membrane, cervix and uterus can be injured by the instruments during suction and scraping. It can happen that the cervix is ​​less resilient in the following pregnancies. Thus, the probability of a premature birth is increased by 8.7 percent. Important: After several abortions, the risk increases. Post-abortion bleeding, infection, and persistent, severe abdominal pain may also occur.

This is a better way to deal with an abortion situation!

You are shocked, a thousand thoughts and also reproaches grow in your head. And as if that's not enough, your environment may also be stressful. Sure, the situation is not easy and you cannot just ignore it or shake off all thoughts. But one thing above all else is important: Don't let yourself be put under pressure, but try to deal with the situation as best you can. Here are a few tips that can help you with that.

Don't let yourself feel guilty!

You are not committing a crime, you are not punishable by law, or you are a bad person. You make your own choice for your life. That doesn't mean that you always do everything right and that you should never listen to others. There's nothing wrong with taking advice from parents and friends and listening to other arguments. Or to take advice if you are really convinced. But the final decision is yours!

Include the father

It always takes two to get pregnant. When you have a good relationship with the “producer,” talk to him about the situation. Even if you make the decision, the problem can be better solved together.

Get support

Very important: Confide in someone. These can be parents, friends or employees of a counseling center. Talk about your feelings and fears. Do not go to the procedure alone but let someone you trust accompany you. It's a lot easier when you don't have to deal it all with yourself!

Speak up!

Sometimes it also helps to simply let the frustration, fear and doubt out. For example, you can keep a diary, chat with other girls in the Mädchen.de community or get help in the contraception & body forum. Girls' advisor Gabi is also available at Ask Gabi with helpful tips.

Your decision is not set in stone

Even if you have decided to have an abortion, you can change your mind until the last moment. Even shortly before the operation! You are not accountable to anyone but yourself in this regard!