Bonsai trees can bear fruits
Bonsai in bloom are very popular and fruits on miniature trees fascinate almost everyone. But there are a few things to look out for in order to make sure that these species of bonsai will produce the coveted flowers and fruits.
In general, flowering and fruiting species are shaped and cared for using the same techniques as other bonsai tree species. But if they do not get enough sunlight, are pruned at the wrong time or too often, grow too strong due to fertilizers containing too much nitrogen, or the substrate becomes too dry, you will be disappointed because your bonsai will not get flowers and fruits.
Blooming bonsai; maintenance
The special aspects of their care are: use special fertilizers for flowering and fruiting plants (lower nitrogen content, higher percentage P and K), ensure there is enough sunlight and do not let the trees dry out, especially not when the flowers and fruits are growing develop.
When the tree is in bloom, don't let the flowers get wet or they will wither quickly. Protect blooming trees from rain, just water the substrate and you can enjoy the beautiful sight for much longer.
Blooming and fruiting bonsai
Azaleas (Rhododendron indicum), for example, have a base-dominant growth - in contrast to most other tree species. This means that the lower branches will grow stronger than the top, which should not be pruned too much. The flower buds form in the summer for the following year, so you should prune your azalea right after flowering and then not so much for the rest of the year if you want to have flowers next year.
The japanese apricot (Prunus mume) blooms in late winter or early spring before the leaves appear. You can trim the branches after flowering, but you need to identify the leaf buds and make sure that at least one remains on the end of the branch. If you cut a branch so short that there is no more leaf bud, it will most likely die off.
There are species that bloom at the ends of the new shoots, such as the pomegranate, bougainvillea, serissa, potentilla, Chinese quince, and camp stream for example. If you want flowers to develop, don't cut back the shoots until the tree has flowered. Many tree species bloom on short shoots from previous years, such as the apple tree, hawthorn, sloe, firethorn and the ornamental quince. You can trim the long shoots, but be careful to keep the short shoots. If your tree is in bloom or has a large number of fruits, you should thin out the flowers or fruits to avoid weakening the tree. The flowers and fruits should be evenly distributed over the tree and be the same size. So remove flowers or fruits where there are too many in one place and take off the largest and the smallest.
For trees in bloom that are not bearing fruit, remove all of the flowers when most of them have withered. Azaleas form seeds at the base of the flowers, which should be removed with the withered flowers. Most species are monoecious, but some are also dioecious, which means that there are male and female trees and only the female fruits are produced. The Japanese winter berry (Ilex serrata), for example, is a dioecious tree and the female trees only get their beautiful red berries when the female flowers are pollinated. This means that you need a male Ilex serrata that is blooming at the same time as the female and is as close as possible to ensure pollination. You can also take a fine brush and transfer the pollen from the male flowers to the female ones.
Birds like to eat the ilex berries as well as the fruits of many other species, so you should remember to protect the trees from birds if you want to enjoy the sight of the magnificent fruits on your bonsai.
Bougainvillea glabra Bonsai
Callicarpa Japonica Bonsai
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