How was the Cuban revolution financed
Prof. Dr. Michael Zeuske, born in Halle / Saale in 1952. Historian. Professor of Iberian and Latin American History at the University of Kings. His publications include "Island of Extreme. Cuba in the 20th Century", Zurich 2004; "Black Caribbean. Slaves, Slavery Cultures and Emancipation", Zurich 2004; "Little History of Cuba", Munich 2007.
After 1837 there was an alliance between Spanish liberals and Spanish merchants, mainly from slave smuggling (negreros), which led to the formation of an extremely conservative, but free-trading (i.e. basically liberal), ultramontane, imperial and racist colonial oligarchy in the Cubans (in this case that means elites born in Cuba) only played the role of junior partners. The traditional urban oligarchies of Cuba, which have now been booted out, in turn - and this is a basic feature of Cuban history to this day - overestimated their strategic positions in sugar and their strength based on sugar wealth and slavery as well as their modernity. They took up the concept of the nation - under colonial conditions - and tried it against conservative "new" Spanish-Cuban merchant oligarchies, including many extremely wealthy Negreros, but at the same time against the mass of people who were deported to the island from Africa and against the poor Spanish migrants on which they also depended as cheap labor. The Spanish merchants, financiers and Negreros took over the sugar production because of indebtedness and pushed the old Cuban oligarchies more and more from the center of this society. This together formed such an explosive mixture in the middle of the 19th century that Spain could not for a year between 1825 and 1898 let the island rule by captains general, basically military dictators with special powers, especially since the slaves themselves ( Uprisings, strikes, cimarronaje, own cultural forms such as syncretistic religions). Since the 1860s there was a general crisis in this society. This colonial crisis culminated between 1868 and 1898 in a series of protracted colonial, liberation and civil wars among leaders from the Cuban middle classes at the head of real armies of former slaves and Cuban peasants (guajiros). The entangled fighting finally ended in 1898 when the USA intervened in the conflict between Cubans and Spaniards and channeled state and nation building in Cuba to the extent that the old elites, who had succeeded in continuously modernizing the sugar industry, also preserved like the structures of large land ownership (latifundia). The formation of a modern, transrassial nation in Cuba had made amazing progress in the liberation army, but could only come into play on the lower levels of the political system under the control of the USA (which occupied Cuba from 1899 to 1902 and from 1906 to 1909). in connection with the client relationships that were also formed during the war. With this, Cuba came into existence as a belated nation, at the same time with an extremely efficient economic (agrarian) and globalized base and a conservative, but very cosmopolitan and modernization-oriented upper class as an independent nation, which of course was under the control of the Platt Amendment and US American proconsuls and had a peasantry and poor urban population who saw themselves cheated out of a victory and fair agrarian reforms for the first 57 years of Cuba as a republic.
- How are passports processed
- Why is Hamilton such a horrible piece
- You can freeze protein powder
- Are PEDs really important in professional sports?
- Should I be more structured
- Is Maxthon a good browser
- Are there gay people in Pakistan
- Who first established colonialism in Africa
- PewDiePie owes its 2 problems
- What makes Israel better than India
- What a Colt revolver is that
- What is the best Dalai Lama book
- When does the PSL start
- When should I stop saving my money?
- How do I stop sucking on chess
- How does demographic data help in healthcare
- How film copies are made for cinemas
- Are engineers at Groupon happy
- People put ketchup on their feet
- What is your opinion on LG V30 +
- How do I critically analyze a photo
- What does conceptual clarification mean
- AppleCare is worth it for iPads and iPhones
- Which cameras are compatible with OpenCV
- How do screen protectors affect our eyes?
- How early should you send wedding invitations?
- Are there any anti-Trump novels
- Eggs always have an egg yolk
- Do you like apple juice
- Where can I buy a domesticated fox?
- Can India win this T20 World Cup
- Which Hollywood actor has the best body
- What incident offended you badly
- How many seasons did Futurama have