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Windows Account: Tips for Setup & Administration
Windows knows different types of users and gives them different rights. In this guide you will find out which tricks and tricks there are when working as an administrator or standard user.
To be able to access Windows, you need a user account. The type of account determines which files you can open and which settings you are allowed to change. This is primarily a safety feature. On the one hand, it is intended to prevent users from inadvertently limiting the functionality of Windows through incorrectly selected settings. On the other hand, this should prevent criminal hackers and malware from accessing confidential data and the system configuration. Because if you penetrate the computer while a user with restricted rights is active there, your access options are also limited.
Windows 10 knows two types of user accounts: standard users and administrators. Standard users can work with the computer without hindrance, but cannot install or uninstall any programs or drivers, or change any system settings. This is reserved for the administrators. Contrary to popular belief, administrators do not have all the rights in Windows either. You are only able to obtain these rights.
There are also work, school and family accounts. These are special accounts for people who also use their own PC in their company or school or for family members and especially children. In both cases, the rights have been adjusted, on the one hand for the use of applications in a company's network, and on the other hand there are special mechanisms for controlling children's activities on the computer and on the Internet.
Tip:Create a user without a Microsoft account
Restore administrator account
The user who installs Windows is automatically added to the Administrators group. He can then create additional users via “Settings -› Accounts - ›Family and other users -› Add another person to this PC ”and then also make them administrators - this is not recommended for the reasons mentioned above. He can also delete accounts by clicking on "Remove".
If you accidentally delete the administrator account in this way, you will only be able to log in as a standard user. It will then be impossible to install files or change system settings, and promote another user will not work either. The solution to the problem is through Safe Mode and enabling Windows’s built-in Administrator:
Go to “Update and Security -› Recovery ”in Windows“ Settings ”and click“ Restart now ”under“ Advanced Start ”. On the subsequent screens click on “Troubleshoot -› Advanced Options - ›Startup Settings -› Restart ”. After the reboot, press the F4 key to enter Safe Mode. There you open the command prompt, type the command
and confirm with Enter. Now start Windows again. On the login screen you can select the “Administrator” account, which by default does not require a password. As you set it up, you'll need to answer the usual questions. As soon as you are on the Windows desktop, call up the accounts in "Settings" and then create a new user account with administrator rights as described above. You can upgrade another account accordingly by highlighting the user name, then clicking on “Change account type”, selecting “Administrator” and confirming with “OK”. Then reboot and finally log in with the new administrator account.
Every program that you start in the context of the built-in administrator account runs immediately with administrator rights. For security reasons, you should therefore deactivate it again after the rescue operation. To do this, type the command in the command prompt
and then press Enter. If you still want to use the account, you should at least rename it and protect it with a password. You set the password in the command prompt with the command
Windows now asks you to enter a password, which you confirm with the Enter key. In the next step you have to enter the password a second time.
Renaming the account, however, is only possible in Windows 10 Pro. To do this, right-click on the start button and select “Computer Management”. On the left-hand side under “System” open the “Local users and groups” and “Users” folders. Then double-click on the entry “Administrator” in the middle, enter the desired name for “Full Name” in the following window and confirm with “OK”. The next time you log into Windows, the new account name will appear there.
Windows security:Has everything you need
Use User Account Control
Perhaps you have already experienced this: You want to save a file in a system folder or in the root of drive C: but Windows refuses to do so with the message “You do not have the right to save in this path”. Even though you have administrator rights.
The user account control, or UAC for short, is responsible for this. You can find this in the control panel under “User accounts -› Change settings of the user account control ”or by entering uac in the search field on the taskbar. The function ensures that applications only run with restricted rights when called up by an administrator. With this, Microsoft wants to prevent malware with administrator rights from changing the system settings.
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