Are there sharks in Greece
Great white shark off the Balearic Islands The most dangerous beaches in Europe and worldwide
After seeing a great white shark off the Balearic island of Cabrera, many people are unsettled.
Is there a threat from the most dangerous predators of the seas in the Mediterranean too? And can an attack also occur on your holiday beach?
BILD asked experts and shows you the most dangerous beaches in Europe and worldwide.
There are also tips on how to protect yourself from an attack and what to do if it does happen.
There are great white sharks in the Mediterranean
The sighting of a great white shark in the Mediterranean Sea is not completely absurd: there has actually been a population of great white sharks here for a long time, explains marine biologist and WWF expert Philipp Kanstinger. But they rarely come to the coast. And: “The shark population in the Mediterranean is shrinking. How many animals there are still is not known exactly. "
Sharks are more likely off offshore islands
In general, it can be said that sharks are more likely to occur in front of offshore islands - i.e. on coasts where the sea becomes very deep very quickly. For example, off Crete, Sicily or the Balearic Islands.
According to the International Shark Attack File database, the highest number of shark attacks in Europe, namely 15, occurred in Greece, followed by Italy with 13 and Spain with six. There were five each in Croatia, France and Malta, two in the UK, and Cyprus, England and Finland each had one.
However, the chances of encountering a great white shark are very small. The last fatal accident with a great white shark in the Mediterranean took place in 1989 off Italy.
The archive "International Shark Attack File" of the Museum of Natural History in Florida (USA) has compiled the confirmed unprovoked shark attacks since 1847. Worldwide, the number of shark attacks has remained relatively constant over the past ten years at 70 to 100 per year. There have been a total of 766 shark attacks since 2007, 61 of which were fatal.
You can see ten particularly dangerous beaches worldwide here:
► New Smyrna Beach, Florida: With miles of white sands, Florida’s New Smyrna Beach is the perfect destination. But unfortunately the beach has the uninviting nickname "World Capital of Shark Attacks". Nowhere else are so many people attacked by sharks as here. ► Bolinas Beach, California: Bolinas Beach is north of San Francisco. Great white sharks can be found in this area.
►Kahana Beach, West Maui, Hawaii: Most of the shark attacks in Hawaii happen on Maui. There are around 40 different species of shark in the waters around the islands. ► North Shore, Oahu, Hawaii: High waves make swimming here difficult. You have to go further out to swim. But be careful: there are whole swarms of sharks off the coast. ► Brisbane, Australia: No beach in Australia is really safe. Most of the attacks are on the east coast. Most fatal accidents, however, happen in the south.
► "Shark Alley", Gansbaii, South Africa: The "Shark Alley" ("Haigasse") is a narrow passage between two islands off the coast of the town of Gansbaai, east of Cape Town. One of the world's largest populations of great white sharks lives here.
► Kosi Bay, South Africa: The zambezi sharks lurk at Kosi Bay. Several lakes line up here and finally flow into the sea. Particularly dangerous: In search of prey, the sharks go on excursions from the sea to the fish-rich freshwater lakes and rivers. ► Umhlanga Rocks, South Africa: Umhlanga Rocks is a popular seaside resort. Underwater nets have been designed to keep predatory fish away from bathers since the 1960s. ► Recife, Brazil: If you want to swim on the beaches of the World Cup venue Recife, you have to be careful! With its fish-rich coral reef, the city on the northeast coast of Brazil attracts sharks in search of food. According to ISAF, most of the shark attacks in South America occur in the state of Pernambuco, where Recife is located. ► West End, Grand Bahama Island, Bahamas: Stories of shark attacks belong to the Bahamas like pirate stories. The Grand Bahama has only had a handful of shark accidents since 1749, but 20 miles offshore is Tiger Beach, a place with many large sharks.
TIPS FROM THE EXPERTS
How do you avoid the danger of an attack and what do you do in an emergency? Here are the tips from the experts:
► People who are on a surfboard (or similar) are particularly at risk, the risk for swimmers is somewhat lower.
Tips for swimmers
► Always stay in groups (sharks are more likely to attack a single swimmer) ► Do not move too far from the beach (this does not isolate the swimmer and helpers can reach him so well in the event of an attack) ► Do not go into the water at night or at dusk - These are the times when sharks are most active ► Do not bathe if you have a wound. Women should be careful when they have their days, because sharks have extremely fine noses ► Do not wear glittering jewelry, because the reflections they cast are similar to the glistening of fish scales ► Do not swim in bodies of water into which sewage is discharged or those used by fishermen (especially bait fishermen) ► Brightly colored swimwear can attract sharks, and excessive splashing around as well ► Areas between sandbanks are places where sharks like to hang out
Tips for divers
► If a shark is getting closer, get out of the water - quickly but without hectic, and watch the animal. Stay close to your diving partner, because sharks are more likely to attack individual divers ► If the animal behaves aggressively, seek cover on a reef, stone or similar to reduce the possible points of attack. ► When in open water, stay back to back with your dive buddy and slowly ascend to the surface and for the safety of the boat. If you are diving on the shore, it is better to slowly descend to the bottom of the sea and take shelter.
When a shark attacks
► The best way to do this is to hit the shark on the tip of the nose with a solid object (such as an underwater camera). This usually causes the shark to retreat. When it is far enough away, you can withdraw - swim quickly, but without hectic, and watch the shark constantly. If you are attacked again, the blows to the nose no longer have such a strong impact, so you should take every opportunity to escape. ► If the shark actually bites: Defend yourself as aggressively as possible. Playing “dead man” doesn't help! Try poking him in the eyes or in the gill openings - these are two very sensitive areas.
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