Pompeii was a walled city
WHY VISIT POMPEJI
Because the excavations have given us back a world buried in the past, a perfectly preserved world that has enabled us to get to know the life of the inhabitants of this Roman community, an everyday life preserved over time that has enriched our knowledge of history. Because when you visit Pompeii you are impressed by the humanity that this place is able to convey, by the tragedy suffered by the inhabitants of this important city of the Roman Empire.
HISTORY OF POMPEJI
Pompeii was founded around the VII century BC. Founded by the Oscars, who initially formed 5 villages on the southern slopes of Vesuvius, which they then combined into a single walled city. At the time, Pompeii asserted itself as an important trading center that fell into the expansionist sights of the Greeks and Etruscans, who influenced the architecture here.
With the arrival of the Samnites, the city wall was enlarged, which meant a great urban development. Later the city was conquered by the Romans and was in the last quarter of the III. Century BC Part of the Roman economic circle. Since the Mediterranean was under Roman control, goods in Pompeii could circulate freely; as a wine and oil producer could be exported to Provence and Spain.
With the Romans there was a strong structural upswing, the rectangular forum and the triangular forum as well as important buildings such as the Temple of Jupiter, the basilica and the Casa del Fauno with the dimensions of a Hellenistic palace were built. The Temple of Isis was also built, which is a clear testimony to the trade relations between Pompeii and the Orient. Under Roman rule, Pompeii first became a municipality and then a colony, ruled by the dictator Publius Cornelius Sulla. At that time, many lands were confiscated to be given to the veterans who contributed to the conquest of the city.
Later Pompeii became the "vacation home" of the Roman patriciate and structures such as the temple of Fortuna Augusta and the building of Eumachia were built. The kingdom of Nero and Campania then suffered much damage due to the earthquake of AD 62. The Roman Senate ordered it to be rebuilt, but on August 24, 79 AD, a devastating eruption from Vesuvius wiped out all of Pompeii, along with Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis. There was no escape and nothing was left of the flourishing Pompeii except a blanket of lava that cemented the inhabitants and destroyed all forms of life.
Pompeii is an Italian municipality in the metropolis of Naples. From the XVIII. In the 19th century, the remains of the ancient Roman city were brought to light. Archaeological studies have made it possible to reconstruct the lifestyle of the Roman era and in 1997 the excavation site of Pompeii as well as those of Herculaneum and Oplontis were declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Today, with 60 hectares of archaeological excavations in the open air, Pompeii is one of the largest excavation sites in the world. The excavation sites of Pompeii are evidence of the way of life of the city at that time, which today seems to have fallen asleep quietly under the volcanic ash.
CURIOUS ABOUT POMPEJI
Did you know that the ancient people of Pompeii left thousands of inscriptions? Just like now, the people of Pompeii made graffiti and drawings that smeared the walls and that you can still admire today when you walk through the ruins.
Did you know that Pompeii was buried under 6 meters of lapilli and ashes that helped preserve the integrity of this place? Many ordinary houses and objects were sealed, stopped in time, and protected from wear and tear under the pyroclastic debris.
Did you know that Pompeii's real pleasure was the thermal baths? The inhabitants of this ancient Roman city spent a lot of time taking ritual baths, alternating hot and cold baths, swimming and doing some gymnastics. Most of all, they loved meeting friends and chatting!
SIGHTS IN POMPEJI
Pompeii was one of the largest and most glamorous cities of Roman times, as the huge archaeological site shows. Pompeii was a wealthy city thanks to the brisk production and export of oils and wines for the Roman patricians when it became part of the expansion of the future capital of Italy.
The amphitheater of Pompeii is a building from the year 80 BC. BC, while the first Roman amphitheater "Statilius Taurus" 29 BC. Was built. In the amphitheater of Pompeii, no underground construction was found under the arena, as was common with the constructions from the imperial era.
At the end of the street that ran along the amphitheater is Via dell’Abbondanza, the main street in the town. If you walk along it, you will reach the Great Theater and the Small Theater. The Great Theater was founded in the 2nd century BC. Built with a capacity of 5,000 spectators. This theater is connected to the Small Theater, which was used for musical performances.
On Via dell’Abbondanza you can also admire the forum that was the economic, political and religious center of the city, a place where public debates and religious events took place. The forum was the real heart of the city, from where you can see the remains of the Temple of Apollo, the most important and oldest religious site that existed in Pompeii. The statues of the deity found in the area were brought to the Archaeological Museum of Naples.
On your visit to Pompeii, you shouldn't miss the Antiquarium, an archaeological museum with numerous finds from the archaeological excavations of this ancient city, which will allow you to discover aspects of the society of Pompeii from the Roman era.
You can visit the archaeological site by buying an entrance ticket. In any case, we recommend an in-depth visit together with a knowledgeable guide: you can take a group tour or explore Pompeii with a private guide.
The excavation sites of Pompeii are 40 minutes by train from Naples, so you can take the opportunity to visit this unique city in the world. Not to forget that Naples is 1 hour 15 minutes by train from Rome, the "Eternal City" with the admirable Colosseum.
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